There are many useful application of the natural gas across the various sectors of the industries such as power generation, Transportation fuel, Fertilizer, Aviation, Domestic use, Fertilizer and many others.

Some of the common uses of the natural gas are as follows:

Power generation – The chief application of the natural gas is in the generation of the electricity via using of gas turbines and steam turbines. There are many grid peaking power plants and off-grid engine-generators that use natural gas. The gas turbine is combined with the steam turbine for achieving the high efficiencies in combined cycle mode.

The usage of Natural gas in power generation is preferred as it is clean fuel as compared to other fossil fuels like oil and coal. It leads to the production of less carbon dioxide every unit of energy released. It can be widely used in areas where the gas can be made available at reasonable costs.  The usage of Fuel cell technology may also offer cleaner options for the conversion of natural gas into electricity as it is not so price-competitive.

Domestic use – The usage of natural gas in homes is intended for variety of applications such as cooking in natural gas-powered ovens, centralised heating, heating, and cooling or clothes dryers. The natural gas induced heating may be used for heating purposes in furnaces, boilers, and water heaters. Compressed natural gas (CNG) is usually supplied to the homes via the pipelines. In those areas, where there are no connections of piped-in public utility services, CNG is used with portable pipe grills. As CNG being less economical than LPG, the dominant source of rural gas is LPG.

Transportation fuel – CNG is a cleaner option to other automobile fuels like gasoline (petrol) and diesel fuel. Some of the countries that have highest number of CNG vehicles include Pakistan, Brazil, Argentina, Iran and India. The energy efficiency of CNG is equivalent to gasoline engines. Those gasoline/petrol vehicles that are converted to run on natural gas deliver less power because of low compression ratio of their engines. CNG-specific engines make use of higher compression ratio.